N when the teacher had not (M = 3.85), t(1,439) = 2.68, P = 0.008, d = 0.77. The present research demonstrates how a punitive climate can create in teachers a punitive approach to discipline and how this approach undermines students' feelings of respect for teachers and motivation to behave well in class (experiments 1 and 2). A brief, online intervention to encourage an empathic mindset in teache